Trees can be protected by the law. Local authorities can make Tree Preservation Orders (“TPOs”) in the interests of amenity (meaning, in effect, the pleasantness of the place in question). Trees subject to a TPO must not be cut down, uprooted, wilfully damaged or destroyed, topped or lopped without the consent of the local authority. (“Topping” means cutting off the top, “lopping” means cutting off a side branch.) A TPO can cover one or more specific trees, or a group of trees, or an area of woodland, thereby including all the trees growing, now or in the future, within that area.